Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council Dudley Governors Support


Jargon Buster

See also Common Abbreviations and Acronyms

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Advanced level


The second part of an A-level qualification

Ability Grouping

Method of assigning pupils, classes or groups according to particular abilities. See also Setting.


Publicly funded self-governing school that provides free education to pupils of all abilities (can be primary, secondary or special). Academies have different governance arrangements to other schools. An academy’s Funding Agreement sets out the details of the governance arrangements for each school.


Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service

Access Courses

Courses designed to prepare those without A-levels for the challenges of higher education.


Advisory Centre for Education. National charity that provides advice and information to parents and carers on a wide range of school based issues.

Activity Led Funding

A method of identifying school budgets based upon the level and nature of planned or expected activity as represented in standard curriculum and management/administration models.

Additional Governors

When an OFSTED inspection identifies a school as being in need of special measures, the Local Authority, and the diocese in the case of voluntary aided schools, can appoint additional governors and thereby increase the experience and overall strength of the Governing Body.

Additional Inspector

An Ofsted inspector contracted through external Inspection Service Providers. From September 2015 Ofsted will directly contract with Additional Inspectors.

Admission Code

All state schools are required to have admission procedures which meet the School Admissions Code. Where more pupils apply to be admitted to a school than the school has room for, its over-subscription criteria will be applied. In community and voluntary controlled schools the Local Authority is responsible for admissions. In foundation and voluntary aided schools the governing body is responsible.

Admissions Policy

Policy of the Local Authority or the Governing Body (Voluntary Aided and Foundation schools) outlining criteria by which pupils will be admitted to a school. Denominational voluntary aided schools must have regard to any diocesan advice. See also Parental Choice, Enrolment and Open Enrolment


Attention Deficit Disorder


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder


Assessment for learning

Agreed Syllabus

Non-denominational programme of religious education adopted by Local Authorities for use in community schools. See also Religious Education.


Asset Management Plan

Ancillary Staff

Clerical, welfare, technical, care-taking or supervisory staff employed in schools. Also called Non-teaching or Support Staff.


Assessing Pupil Progress


A review of an employee’s performance, especially for the purposes of staff development


Average Points Score


Assessment and Qualifications Alliance


Assessment and reporting arrangements

Articles of Association

The Articles of Association set out regulations for academies, including the composition of the governing body.


Association of School and College Leaders – a headteacher union.


Autistic Spectrum Disorder


Advanced subsidiary level; the first part of an A-level


Additional and specialist learning


Measuring and evaluation of skills, capabilities and limitations of pupils. The National Curriculum key stages are assessed by teacher assessment and Standard Assessment Tasks (SATs). Procedures for formal assessment of children with special needs are laid down by the Education Act of 1996.

Associate Members

Individuals appointed by the governing body of a LA maintained school. They are not part of the governing body, but are allowed to attend meetings and set on committees and can be given voting powers. They are appointed for 1-4 years, with the opportunity for re-appointment. An associate member could be a pupil, member of staff, or someone with expertise in a particular area. Academies Articles of Association allow them to appoint non-governors to committees and give them voting rights.

At Risk Register

Individual schools list of children identified by Social Services who are, or may be, in danger of emotional, physical or sexual abuse or mental cruelty from within their families.


Advanced skills teacher


Association of Teachers and Lecturers – a union for education professionals.

Attainment 8

See Progress 8

Attainment Targets

These establish what children of differing ability should be expected to know and be able to do by the end of each Key Stage of the Curriculum.

Audit Commission

Independent body set up by Government to monitor the use of funds by local authorities and certain other bodies.


Age Weighted Pupil Unit; the sum of money allocated to the school for each pupil according to age. The basis for calculating most of the funds allocated to a school.




Bachelor of Education degree

Baseline Assessment

Assessment of pupils’ attainment on entry to Year 1 – it is not statutory, but many local authorities encourage schools to carry it out.  See also reception baseline assessment.


British Educational Communications and Telecommunications Agency


Behaviour, emotional and social difficulties

Best Value

A duty to deliver services to clear standards by the most effective, economic and efficient means available using the “4 Cs”

  • Challenge – why do you do what you do?
  • Compare – does anyone do it better?
  • Consult – do other people know what you do and what do they think about it?
  • Compete – are you getting the best deal?


Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. Created in 2009 its responsibilities encompass the development, funding and performance management of higher education (both teaching and research) and further education. While most information relevant to governors will come from the DfE there will be some crossover in relation to post-16 pupils.


Black and Minority Ethnic

Board of Trustees

Refers to academy trusts and MATs only.


British sign language


Behaviour Support Plan


A school’s administration or business manager. The exact role of a bursar will vary from school to school but their duties will almost always include financial and administrative management and many are involved in strategic planning and risk management.




Common Assessment Framework


Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service

Capital Expenditure

Spending on projects, improvements and extensions to the school.


Cognitive Ability Test


Consistent financial reporting

Chair’s Action

In maintained schools the chair is allowed to take decisions without asking the governing body if a delay will be detrimental to the school, a member of staff, a pupil or parent. In academies, the power is not automatic and must be delegated to the Chair.


Charges to parents for pupils’ activities outside school hours if these are not needed for an exam syllabus or the National Curriculum. Charges can be made for individual music tuition in school hours and for board and lodgings on residential field trips and visits.


Policy statements issued by the DfE to Local Authorities. They do not have the status of law but are the main line of communication of Government thinking and guidance.


Children Looked After

Classroom Assistants

Member of staff employed to provide specific help within the classroom for teachers or pupils.


Group of schools that come together for a particular purpose


An agreement between two or more schools to work together on one particular issue. They keep their individual governing bodies, but may set up a joint committee to which they can delegate powers.

Community Schools

State schools in England and Wales that are wholly owned and maintained by the Local Authority. The LA has main responsibility for deciding arrangements for admitting pupils. The LA isw the employer, owns the land and buildings.

Community Special Schools

LA maintained schools which make special educational provision for pupils with statements of special educational needs (SEN), whose needs cannot be fully met from within mainstream provision. The LA is the employer, owns the land and buildings and sets the admission criteria.


Children Missing from Education

Code of Practice

Often used as short hand for the Special Educational Needs Code of Practice. This outlines the in-school procedures for providing support for special education needs pupils and the stage at which external support should be obtained.

Competitive Tendering

Obtaining quotes or tenders from alternative suppliers before awarding contracts.

Contextual Value Added (CVA)

CVA is intended to show the progress children have made whilst attending a particular school. Contextual value added attempts to take into account the circumstances of children attending the school that are beyond the school's control. These factors include gender, special educational needs, eligibility for free school meals, first language, ethnicity, month of birth, level of deprivation where a pupil lives and whether a pupil has been taken into care.

Core Curriculum

English, Maths and Science must be studied by all pupils in the National Curriculum.


Control of Substances Hazardous to Health


Continuing Professional Development for school staff or governors


Criminal Records Bureau – see DBS


Common transfer file


The entire learning opportunities offered by a school. This will include all subjects, those which are part of the National Curriculum and those which are not. Also included are the experiences that pupils have as part of the school community – the responsibilities they take on and the contribution they make.


Contextual Value Added




Disability Discrimination Act


Dudley Association of Governing Bodies. Membership of DAGB is open to all Governing Bodies in Dudley schools upon payment of the membership subscription. DAGB aims to provide opportunities for collaboration between schools, a forum for the exchange of ideas and mutual support and dialogue with the Local Authority on matters affecting Dudley schools.


Design and technology


Disclosure and Barring Service (formerly the Criminal Records Bureau)


Disability equality duty

Delegated Budget

The amount of money allocated to each school to be administered by the Governing Body and the head teacher.

Delegated Powers

Authority given to a committee, an individual governor or the headteacher/principal to take action on behalf of the governing body/board. In multi academy trusts, this also refers to powers delegated to local governing bodies.

Department for Education

The Department for Education (DfE). Replaced the title of the Department for Children, Schools and Families after the 2010 General Election


Disability equality scheme

Designated Person

Liaises with other services on behalf of young people in care and has a responsibility for promoting their educational achievement.


Devolved formula capital


Department for Education


Dudley Grid for Learning Funded by Dudley MBC and by Private Finance Initiative, Central Government have provided substantial financial support to enable Dudley to work in partnership with Research Machines (the winners of an open bidding process).  Beginning in 1999, all Dudley schools are now equipped with a high level of hardware and software. The focus of this is for pupils to enhance their learning opportunities and achievement.


Adapting work to meet individual needs or the right match between what is taught, how it is taught and the individual characteristics of the pupil.

Directed Time

Time when a teacher must be available to carry out duties, including attending staff and parent meetings, under the direction of the Headteacher – a maximum of 1265 hours in a school year.

Director of Children’s Services

All Local Authorities must by 2008 have appointed a Director of Children’s Services formerly known as Director of Education, Chief Education Officer, County Education Officer.


A term used where National Curriculum requirements may not be apply to a pupil.


Data Protection Act 1998


Diploma of School Business Management


Dedicated Schools Grant – funding from central government to the local authority, the majority of which is then delegated directly to individual schools through the LA’s funding formula.


Design Technology


Used to describe the specific learning difficulties of children who have difficulty in acquiring reading, spelling, writing and Numeracy skills. Sometimes called SpLD.


Used to describe an impairment or immaturity of the organisation of movement. It is an immaturity in the way the brain processes information which results in messages not being properly or fully transmitted.



Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)

EYFS sets the standards for the learning, development and care that young children from birth to five years should experience when they are attending a setting outside their family home.


English Baccalaureate


English as an Additional Language


Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties


Employment-based initial teacher training provider (formerly DRB)


Every Child a Reader


Every Child a Talker


Every Child a Writer


Every Child Matters

Education Forum

Established by the government as a consultative group including the NGA, the LGA and all the teaching and headteaching unions.

Education Improvement Adviser (EIA)

Appointed to provide support for schools and to provide information and advice for the Directorate of Children’s Services about those schools.

Educational Social Worker (ESW)

Also known as an Educational Welfare Officer. The ESW is employed to help with social problems and attendance issues. Liaises with the school on absentees and home visits

Educational Psychologist

Experienced teacher, with a Degree in Psychology and postgraduate qualifications in Educational Psychology, who studies the intellectual, emotional, social and physical developments of children and young people.


Education Funding Agency. It is responsible for all revenue and capital funding for schools.


Education, Health and Care Plans – the document which replaces statements of SEN and Learning Difficulties Assessments for children and young people with special educational needs.


Equality and Human Rights Commission


Education Investigation Service


Employers’ Liability (Compulsory) Insurance


Ethnic Minority Achievement Service

Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties (EBD)

Includes both neurotic and anti-social behaviour.


Education Psychology Service

Equal Opportunities Policy

The school’s policy and practice on gender, race, sexuality and disability.


Education Supervision Order, which Las may apply for to deal with cases of poor attendance at school.


Excellent Teacher Scheme


Education Welfare Officer – a professional worker who visits pupils’ homes and deals with attendance problems and other welfare matters in co-operation with the school.


Suspension of a pupil from school for a fixed period or permanently, on disciplinary grounds.

Ex Officio

Able to attend meetings by virtue of holding a particular office

Extended School

A school that provides a range of services and activities often beyond the school day to help meet the needs of its pupils, their families and the wider community.


Early Years Foundation Stage


Early Years Professional



Fair Access Panel (FAP)

The in year fair access protocol deals with the admission of ‘hard to place’ pupils in order to minimize the risk of underachievement through being out of school

Falling Rolls

The decline of the number of school pupils, caused by the falling birth rate or other factors.


Further education


A formal agreement by which up to five schools share a single governing body


Further education institution


Fischer Family Trust


Full governing body


Freedom of Information Act

Field Study Trips

Journeys undertaken by groups of pupils to enable them to gain first-hand practical experience in subjects such as Geography, Biology and Environmental Studies.


Freedom of Information

Form of Entry

The number of classes that a school admits each year

Formula Funding

Part of the Local Management of School (LMS) scheme, which calculates the sums of money devolved to Individual School Budgets.

Foundation Governor

A governor appointed by the foundation body of a voluntary school.

Foundation School

School in which the governing body is the employer, owns the land and buildings and sets the admission criteria.

Foundation Special School

A foundation school that caters wholly or mainly for children with statutory statements of special education needs.

Foundation Stage

Curriculum followed by children below statutory school age, in schools and nursery/pre-school provision.


Food Standards Agency

Free School

All-ability, state-funded school set up following local demand.


Free School Meals – pupils are eligble for FSM if their parents receive certain benefits.


Full Time Equivalent




General Annual Grant


General Certificate of Secondary Education


Gender Equality Action Plan


Gender Equality Scheme


Gender Impact Assessment.


Guided Learning Hours.

Gifted and Talented

Gifted pupils are those pupils who have abilities in one or more subjects in the statutory school curriculum other than art and design, music and PE.

Talented pupils are those pupils who have abilities in art and design, music, PE or sports or performing arts such as dance and drama.

Both terms are relative and refer to the top 5% to10% of any school, regardless of the ability profile of pupils at the school


General National Vocational Qualification


Gypsy Roma Traveller Pupils


Graduate Teacher Programme

Governing Board

An overarching term which refers to both the board of LA maintained schools (governing bodies) and academies/MATs (board of trustees)

Governing Body

Refers to LA maintained schools only


A Governing Body oversees the conduct, curriculum and performance of a school. It includes elected representatives of the parents and teachers, Local Authority representatives and people co-opted by the rest of the Governing Body.


This court ruling meant that a child living in another Local Authority had an equal right to be considered for a place at that school on the criteria of distance.



Home-School Agreement

Required by the 1998 Act to be in place in all schools this is a signed contract between the school and the families of pupils. In general, it outlines what is expected of pupils and what in return the school will expect of itself. There is no legal requirement for parents to sign.


Higher Level Teaching Assistant


Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector of Schools


Her Majesty’s Inspectorate


Higher National Diploma


Head of Department


Head of Year


Human Resouces (Personnel)


Health and Safety Executive




Information and Communication Technology


Interim Executive Board


Individual Education Plan for pupils with special educational needs


International GCSE


Investors In People


Inclusion is an on-going process which involves increasing opportunities for pupils and students, whatever their needs, to learn alongside their peers, and participate in the social life of their local mainstream schools, colleges and universities. Inclusion means enabling pupils to maximise their achievements and play a full and lifelong role in the life of society.

Information & Communication Technology (ICT)

The acquisition, production, transformation, storage and transmission of data by electronic means in vocal, pictorial, textural or numeric forms, so as to facilitate interaction between people and between people and machines.

Individual Schools Budget

The total funds delegated to each school to administer.


In-Service Education and Training – courses for practising teachers and other school staff.

Instrument of Government

A legal document outlining the membership of the Governing Body, the name of the school and, in the case of a denominational voluntary aided school, a requirement that the school is to be conducted in accordance with the principles of the church by which it was founded.


Institute of Education


Independent Safeguarding Authority


Information for School and College Governors – a school governance organisation


Individual school range


Information Technology


Initial Teacher Education


Initial Teacher Training



Key Stages (KS1 – 4)

The four stages of the National Curriculum. They key stages are KS1 (age 5-7), KS2 (age 7-11), KS3 (age 11-14), KS4 (age 14-16). KS5 applies to 16-19 year olds, but is not part of the National Curriculum.


Key Performance Indicator




Link Advisor


Local Authorities (Las) are part of local councils, i.e. borough, county, metropolitan and city. Within local councils, Las are accountable for early years education, schools, adult education and youth services. Community, foundation and voluntgary schools are funded directly by their LA.


Looked After Children


Local Authority Central Spend Equivalent Grant – The funding academies receive to meet their additional responsibilities.

Leadership Group

Headteachers, Deputy Head, Assistant Heads, Bursars and others as decided by the Headteachers and/or the governors

Learning Difficulty

The inability to acquire new skills at the same rate as children of the same age. There are three levels – Mild, Moderate and Severe. See also Special Educational Needs.

Local Governing Body

The governors at an individual school in a multi-academy trust


Local Government Association – national organisation supporting and representing local government.

List 99

Teachers on this list are barred from working in schools.


Learning mentor


Local Management of Schools under which schools (and their Governors) are delegated the budget and are therefore responsible for staffing, finance, building and curriculum delivery


Learning support assistant


Local safeguarding children board


Learning support unit




Multi Academy Trust – where two or more academies are governed by one Trust (the Members) and a board of Directors (the Governors).


Modern Foreign Languages

Middle School

A school with KS2 and KS3 pupils.  Depending on the age balance of those pupils, the school can be deemed primary or secondary.


Management Information System

Minor Authority

A district council or parish council.

Mixed Ability

A teaching group in which children of all abilities are taught together.


Moderate Learning Difficulties


Checking the results of assessments and examinations by independent external assessors. This helps to ensure similar standards across all schools in the marking of students’ work.

Modular Course

A course comprising of a number of parts or modules. Students may be able to choose which modules to study from the total available.


A proposal formally put forward or ‘moved’ in order to be voted on, a motion must have a proposer and a seconder.


Main Pay scale

Multicultural Education

Education designed to ensure that all children are aware of, and sensitive to, our multicultural society and respect the cultures of minority communities.




National Association of Headteachers – a headteacher union


The National Association of Professional Teaching Assistants

National Professional Qualifications for Head Teachers

A national qualification to prepare teachers for headship. It is a practical, professional qualification which offers candidates a thorough preparation before taking up their first headship.


National Association of Business Management


Formerly the National Association for Special Educational Needs


National Association of Schoolmasters Union of Women Teachers – a teaching union

National College for Teaching and Leadership (NCTL)

The organisation responsible for national training programmes for school leaders, aspiring school leaders and the development of leaders of Children’s Services. In particular it is responsible for the National Professional Qualification for Headship, the Chairs of Governors Leadership Development Programme and Clerks to Governing Bodies Training Programme.

National Curriculum (NC)

This was established by the 1988 Education Reform Act to ensure that all pupils receive a broad and balanced education, which is relevant to their needs.

National Leaders of Governance (NLG)

The NLGs are highly effective chairs of governing bodies as designated by the National College for Teaching and Leadership. They can work with other chairs and governing bodies to help their development and improve their school performance.


See National College for Teaching and Leadership


Non- departmental public body


Not in Education, Employment or Training


National Foundation for Educational Research


National Governors’ Association. The national membership organisation for school governors.


National Healthy Schools Programme


National Healthy Schools Status


National Leaders of Education


National Leaders of Governance


Number on Roll


National Professional Qualification for Headship


National Qualifications Framework


Newly Qualified Teacher


National Union of Teachers – a teaching union


National Vocational Qualifications

Nursery School

A school which caters for the 2 – 5 years age range of children either full or part-time.




Ofsted Childcare Register


Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations


Outdoor Education Advisors Panel


Office of the Qualifications and Examinations Register – the regulator of examinations and qualifications


Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills – the body which inspects education and training for learners of all ages and inspects and regulates care for children and young people.


Subjects which pupils choose to study. Usually decided when they are aged 13 – 14 for examinations at 16, either GCSE or GNVQ.

Open University

Provision of Higher Education by study at home via distance learning supplemented by radio and television programmes.


Office of the Schools Commissioner


Overseas Trained Teacher Programme

Over subscribed

A school that has more applications from parents than places available.



‘P’ Scales

The P scales are a set of descriptions for recording the achievement of pupils with special educational needs who are working towards the first level of the National Curriculum (level 1). They are split into eight different levels with P1 being the lowest and P8 the highest. Level P8 leads into national curriculum level 1.

Paired Reading

Teaching a child to read with the help of a fluent reader, another pupil or a parent.


Planned Admission Number – the number of children the LA (or governing body of a foundation or aided school or Academy Trust) determines must be admitted to any one year group in the school.

Parent Condoned Absence

Pupils’ non-attendance at school with the knowledge and/or encouragement of parents.

Partnership Governor

Are appointed at foundation schools where the school has no foundation body.


Physical education

Peripatetic Teacher

A teacher who works in a number of schools, for example, a teacher of a musical instrument or one who gives home tuition.

Post Graduate Certificate of Education (PGCE)

One of the routes into teaching. A PGCE can be studied full-time or part-time following the completion of a first degree.

Private Finance Initiative (PFI)

PFI is a way of funding public building through leasing arrangements with private firms. Private firms design, build and often manage new building programmes. The building is leased back to the public body, usually over a period of 20-30 years.


Parent Governor Representative elected to serve on a local authority committee to report parents’ view.  Elections take place for Primary, Secondary and Special representatives.  The term of office is two years.


Performance indicators (sometimes called key performance indicators). Used to evaluate the success of a school or of a particular activity in which it engages.

PLASC  (Pupil Level Annual School Census)

It is a statutory requirement for all maintained schools to provide an electronic PLASC return. Data collected by PLASC is matched by LAs and the DfE to Key Stage attainment data and used to produce statistical analyses of performance by pupils to help school improvement strategies


Performance Management


Profound and Multiple Learning Disabilities


Preparation, Planning and Assessment time – 10% guaranteed non-contact time for teachers.


Postgraduate Professional Development


Public Private Partnership – a government service or private business venture which is funded and operated through a partnership of government and one or more private sector companies.


Parent Partnership Service


Performance Related Pay – schools following the STCPD must now ensure teachers’ pay is linked to their performance.

Progress 8 (Attainment 8)

Progress 8 and Attainment 8 are two measures that secondary schools will be judged against from 2016. They are designed to encourage schools to offer a broad and balanced curriculum at KS4.

Progress 8 is based on students’ progress measured across eight subjects:

  • English
  • Mathematics
  • Three other English Baccalaureate (EBacc) subjects (sciences, computer science, geography, history and languages)
  • Three further subjects, which can be from the range of EBacc subjects, or can be any other GCSE or approved, high-value arts, academic, or vocational qualifications

Attainment 8 is the students’ average achievement across these eight subjects.

From 2016, the floor standard will be based on schools’ results on the Progress 8 measure.


The Governing Body of a school may publish a school prospectus each year for parents and prospective parents.


Pupil Referral Unit – alternative provision for pupils unable to attend a mainstream school or special school.


Public Sector Equality Duty


Personal, Social and Health Education


Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education


Personal, Social and Vocational Education


Pastoral Support Programme for pupils at serious risk of permanent exclusion.


Parent Teacher Association. A school-based association of parents and teachers. Its purpose is to facilitate home/school contacts and to work for the benefit of the school, often by raising funds. Sometimes known as; Parents’ Association, Parents’ Guild or Home and School Association.


National membership organisation for parent teacher associations – formerly NCPTA

Pupil Premium

This money goes with eligible pupils to the school they attend, and has been distributed in addition to the underlying schools budget from 2011-2012. The funding is allocated to pupils eligible for FSM, in care, or who have parents in the armed forces.

Pupil Profile

Broad evaluation of a pupil’s personality, interests and capabilities – this forms part of the pupil’s Record of Achievement

Pupil/Teacher Ratio (PTR)

In a given school, the number of pupils divided by the total number of full-time teaching staff (or their full time equivalent), which in DfE statistics includes the Head.




Qualifications and Curriculum Authority


Qualified Teacher Status


The minimum number of members needed present to make decisions in a meeting. The quorum for the full Governing Body meeting is 50% of governors in post rounded up to the nearest whole number.




Reporting and Analysis for Improvement through School Self Evaluation. Provides interactive analysis of school and pupil performance data


Raising Attainment Plan


Raising Boys Achievement


Religious Education. All schools are required to include religious education as an integral part of the National Curriculum. Parents have the right to withdraw their children on the grounds of conscience. Maintained schools must normally adhere to the ‘agreed syllabus’ whereas denominational voluntary aided schools have to follow a syllabus in accordance with the teachings and doctrines of the church by which they were founded. See also Agreed Syllabus, Religious Worship.

Reception Baseline Assessment

An assessment taken by pupils in reception, against which progress at the end of key stage 2 will be measured. The reception baseline will be available to schools from September 2015.

Record of Achievement

Comprehensive profile detailing pupil’s achievements in school.

Registered Pupil

Pupil entered on a school’s roll and counted towards its unit total.

Religious Worship

Schools must provide a daily act of corporate worship. It need not be at the beginning of the day and it need not involve all pupils at the same time but must have Christian content. In a denominational voluntary aided school, religious worship must be in accordance with the rites and liturgical norms of the church by which the school is founded.

Requires Improvement

An Ofsted category for schools requiring significant improvement because they are performing less well than they might reasonably be expected to. Schools failing to provide an acceptable standard of education.


A formal decision taken by the Governing Body and recorded in the minutes.

Revenue Expenditure

Strictly speaking this means spending from income. It is used to denote spending on resources needed to maintain existing provision not new developments which require capital expenditure.


Reporting of injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations


Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act

Rising Fives

Children admitted to a school a term earlier than is required.

Rote Learning

Memorising word for word without necessarily fully understanding the meaning e.g. multiplication tables.


Royal Society for Prevention of Accidents




Standing Advisory Council on Religious Education – local statutory body which advises on religious education and collective worship.


Standard Assessment Tests used for National Curriculum Assessment.


School-Centred Initial Teacher Training

School Census

A statutory return which takes place during the autumn, spring and summer terms. Maintained schools and academies should take part in the census.

School Formula Spending Share (SFSS)

Allocation by Local Authorities to Individual School Budgets (ISB) through local Fair Funding formula, of funding from the Education Formula Spending Share (EFSS). This replaces Standard Spending Assessment (SSA).

Schools Forum

A Schools Forum has been established in each Local Authority to advise on the allocation of the funding for schools.  In Dudley nine places are available for Governors and elections take place to fill those places.  The terms of office is three years.

School Records

Records which the school keep on individual pupils. Must be open to inspection and correction if requested by parents, but are not open to inspection by the general public. May be used by schools as a basis for reporting on pupils to other educational establishments and for preparing references for employers.

School Reports

Regular reports prepared by teachers on pupils’ attainments, attendance, behaviour etc., and sent to parents. May contain a space for parent’s response.

School Rules

The rules which a school requires pupils to obey for safety, good discipline etc. These should be approved by the Governors.

Schools Causing Concern

Schools causing concern are deemed to be those schools within an Local Authority who are in the OFSTED categories of special measures or requires improvement. In addition, schools where there are specific problems, sometimes of a temporary nature, which require Local Authority support in order for them to make the necessary improvements will fall into this category.

Scrutiny Committee

Following a modernisation of the way in which the Council works through its elected members, the number of council meetings has been reduced and the old committee pattern has been removed. In its place are Select Committees whose role is to examine the work of specific parts of Dudley’s service.


School development plan


Social and emotional aspects of learning


A teacher’s temporary attachment to another school or special course in another institution.


Self Evaluation Framework/Form


Special educational needs co-ordinator – the teacher responsible for co-ordinating SEND provision in the school.


Special Educational Needs and Disabilities – learning difficulties for which special educational provision has to be made.


Special Educational Needs and Disability Tribunal.


Socio-economic status


Half a school day, morning or afternoon, when attendance is recorded.


Placing children in different groups for a particular subject according to their ability in that school only.

Sex Education

In every primary school Governors must decide whether this is to be given and if so must approve the outline syllabus. It is required in all Secondary schools. Sex education must have due regard to ‘moral considerations and the value of family life’.


Schools’ Financial Value Standard – a means for the governing body to assess its financial processes, capabilities and skills.


School Governors One Stop Shop


A brother or sister.


Schools Information and Management System – a computer package to assest schools in managing information on pupils, staff and resources.


School Improvement Plan


School Improvement Partner


Service Level Agreement


Speech, Language and Communication Needs


Severe Learning Difficulties


Senior Leadership Team


Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural


Senior Management Team

Special Education

For children with sensory, physical, mental, medical or behavioural and emotional difficulties, or a combination of these, and who have difficulty in learning with techniques employed in an ordinary school.

See also SEND.

Special Measures

An OFSTED verdict on a school where weaknesses in crucial areas outweigh the strengths.

Special School

A school specialising in catering for the needs and education of a specific disability or combination of disabilities.

Special Unit (or Resourced Provision)

A unit attached to a mainstream school to cater for children with specific special needs.

Specific Leaning Difficulty

Problem with one area of the Curriculum, usually reading, writing and / or Numeracy. Preferred term to dyslexia for specific reading difficulty.


Standard Spending Assessment. The standard level of public spending in each local authority determined by the government.


Specialist Schools and Academies Trust now renamed the Schools Network


Standards and Testing Agency

Stages of Education

Foundation: for children in the age range 3 - 5 years.

  • Primary Education: Nursery, Infant, First and Junior School – for children up to 12.
  • Secondary Education: Secondary High and Middle Schools when the latter cater for age range 9 – 13.
  • Further Education:  Beyond school leaving in Colleges of FE, Technical Colleges etc.
  • Higher Education: Universities, Polytechnics, Colleges of Higher Education.
  • Adult Education: Courses for adults, day or evening, including those not leading to examinations.

Statement of Special Educational Needs

Formal written description of a child’s educational needs required to be made by a Local Authority, incorporating advice from teachers, educational psychologists, doctors, parents, professionals and others.

Statutory Instrument

Order by the Secretary of State, approved by Parliament, which has the force of the law.


School Teachers Pay and Conditions Document


School Teachers Review Body – makes recommendations to the Secretary of State on teachers’ pay.


A system of organising pupils into classes according to their ability across a range of subjects. Setting and streaming are not the same thing.

Student Teacher

A person being trained as a teacher.

Supply Teacher

Temporary substitute teacher to cover absentee.


Course of study (context and activities) in a given subject often connected with an examination.




Teaching Assistant


Training and Development Agency for Schools (decommissioned)

Teaching Agency

Agency responsible for initial teacher training

Teaching School

School offering school-centred initial teacher training

Teaching Practice

Time spent by a Student Teacher in a school gaining practical teaching experience.

Terms of Reference

The scope and limiations of a committee’s activity or area of knowledge


Traveller Education Service

Three Rs

Reading, Writing and Arithmetic (formerly Reckoning).


All teachers on point 6 of the pay scale are entitled to complete an application to cross the ‘threshold’ and access a higher pay scale.


Teaching and Learning Responsibility – payment made to teachers for an additional responsibility


Training Needs Analysis


Time Off In Lieu

Training Link Governor

They receive information about training opportunities and resources and act as a contact point working with the Chair, the head of the school and other governors to identify needs and develop the effectiveness of the Governing Body.


The Local Authority has to ensure that proper education is provided for all children of school age in the area. This includes the provision of schooling for the children of: migrants from the EEC and other countries; mobile workers whose jobs require them to travel; travelling people. The range of services provided must be the same as for children of permanent residents.

Trust Deed

The deed by which Voluntary Aided, Voluntary Controlled or Trust Schools have been established.

Trust Schools

Foundation schools with a foundation body established under the Education and Inspections Act 2006 – the foundation body may appoint either a minority or a majority of the governing body.



Under Achievement

A pupil who performs below the level identified as expected by tests administered by educational psychologists.


Standard form of school dress – this may be a requirement included in a school’s rules. This cannot be legally enforced.


Union of Public Employees


Unique Pupil Number


Upper Pay Spine


Unique Reference Number




Value added – The progress schools help pupils make relative to their individual starting points – rather than looking at raw results VA also takes into account the prior attainment, thus enabling a judgement to be made about the effect of the school on pupils’ current attainment.


Value for Money

Vertical Grouping

Classes formed (in primary schools) with children of different age groups.


The transfer of a proportion of the money allocated from one heading to another heading in the financial budget.


Virtual learning environment


A teaching union, formerly the Professional Association of Teachers

Voluntary Aided School

This term refers to Voluntary, usually denominational schools (e.g. Church of England or Roman Catholic), where there is an agreed sharing of responsibility between the Local Authority and the Voluntary Body. The governing body employs the staff and controls pupil admissions and religious education. The school’s buildings and land (apart from playing fields) will normally be owned by a charitable foundation.

Voluntary Controlled School

Usually a denominational school wholly LA maintained by the LA but with certain residual rights regarding religious worship.



Withdrawal class

Taking children out of the ordinary class to meet their special needs in various curriculum subjects. Extra help is usually given in small groups.

Works Experience

Opportunity provided by arrangement with local firms for pupils to spend some time in an adult place of work.


Work-related learning



Year Group

Name given to describe a pupil’s stage of schooling from Year 1 (6 years old) to Year 13 (18 years old). The first year of primary education is known as Reception Class.

Young Carer

A young carer is anyone under 18 years of age who helps to look after a family member who is disabled, physically or mentally ill or has a substance misuse problem.

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